The predicate for “He who governs least governs best,” is also in our Prologue to the Ten Commandments. St. Augustine made his count available through his text, “Questions of Exodus.” Here is our Catholic Catechism on the history of the 10 Commandments:
2066 “The division and numbering of the Commandments have varied in the course of history. The present catechism follows the division of the Commandments established by St. Augustine, which has become traditional in the Catholic Church.”
Our Catechism tells us there is more than one count for the Ten Commandments. We follow St. Augustine’s count, but we are open to dialogue with other counts. This begins the Jewish count:
Moses called all those who struggle with God, and told them, “Hear, you who struggle with God, the customs and correct judicial precedents I speak in your ears, this day, that you may learn them, and guard to do them.
The Personal Name our Almighty Judge cut a Social Contract with us at Mt. Sword. Not with our fathers did The Personal Name our Almighty Judge cut this Social Contract, but with us, each of us, alive, here, this day… I am The Personal Name your Almighty Judge, who brought thee out of the land of Oppression, out of the house of menial labor. You will have no other Almighty Judge before My face.
In Mark 10, Jesus quotes the last six of the Ten Commandments, “You shall not kill; you shall not commit adultery; you shall not steal; you shall not bear vain witness; you shall not defraud; hold as important father and mother.” Jesus starts with the last five, and then moves back to grab the fifth commandment, as he understood them. The first one is the one listed above. It is the call to community, personally remembering what oppression is like, and taking action when we see others suffer. Ultimately, it is the call to Eucharist.
How can God give customs and correct judicial precedents at Sinai, which by definition develop over time? We are to view customs and judicial precedents as if they came from the lips of God himself. The root word for judicial precedent means “Lip.” When our religious and political leaders speak the word of God, we are to view them as coming from the lips of God.
Deuteronomy 5 begins as an address to the community, all who are at Mt. Sinai. God rescues those who struggle with God/Israel, as a community. He calls us to love him, as a community. He calls us to remember what oppression is like, as a community. God tells us, as a community, The Personal Name our Almighty Judge cut a Social Contract with us at Mt. Sword. Not with our fathers did The Personal Name our Almighty Judge cut this Social Contract, but with us, each of us, alive, here, this day…
The concept of the Physical Presence is here. The Jewish community relives for the first time, each time, they celebrate Passover their escape from Oppression. We remember, as community, for the first time, each time, we celebrate the Mass our escape through the resurrection of Jesus.
Faithful Discipleship means intuiting our world through the eyes of faith. This faith begins at Mt. Sinai and the cross, seeing the world through past suffering, & bringing our salvation to others. If we do this, we can forget the other commandments. This is because we will be too busy helping our neighbor to violate any of the other commandments. Our Declaration of Independence states:
We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. To secure these rights, Governments are instituted among Men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed.
Torah gives several definitions of life. The second definition of life states life is blood. Anything with blood is life. Anything with two cells has blood, therefore life. Our discussion is about what life is in between one cell and death at the end of our natural lives.
This is part 2. Please click here for part 1